Augustyniuk-Kram A., Kram K. J. 2012. Entomopathogenic Fungi as an Important Natural Regulator of Insect Outbreaks in Forests (Review), in: Forest Ecosystems – More than Just Trees, J.A. Blanco, Y.-H. Lo (eds.), INTECH, Rijeka, pp. 265-294.
Institute of Ecology and Bioethics, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University, Warszawa, 2Polish Academy of Sciences Centre for Ecological Research in Dziekanów Leśny, Łomianki Poland
With over 1 million species insects are not only the largest group of animals, but also a group that causes the most damage in forest management. Hence it is important to understanding the biology of their natural enemies. Among them are entomopathogenic fungi. Entomopathogenic fungi are a very heterogeneous group. Belong to different systematic groups and even their biology is often very different. However, all of them are pathogenic in relation to insects, and actually all arthropods, and their effectiveness in infecting their hosts is so large that it can become a factor regulating the abundance of insects. Importantly, the harmful insects (from the human point of view) include of course the forest pests. In this paper we would like to introduce biology, systematics, geographical distribution, and give examples of natural and man-stimulated biocontrol of forest pests by entomopathogenic fungi.
Fungi, Entomopathogenic Fungi, Ecology